Prayer Performance

And unto Allah falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and afternoons. Quran 13:15

Prayer is one of the 5 Pillars of Islam

The following pages will give you a good idea of how to start to perform your Salah (Ritual prayer).
Inshallah – God willing, it will help with starting to perform your prayers on time and correctly.

Please do not get overwhelmed by all that you will have to learn, it will take time, perhaps months, or even longer for you to memorize all the words and actions involved. You are not alone in being frustrated, stressed or even saddened by the fact that you are not able to quickly memorize or perfom your prayers on time. These pages are here to help you in your journey of learning, nobody is imposing a time line on you, we all know that people learn at different speeds.

So, first read over this section and become more familiar with the words and movements, then write them out or print them out and ‘study’ it as if you were in school. Try to memorize each section little by little, this way you will not be overwhelmed by it all. Lastly, remember that your intentions are important, God knows what is in your heart and as well will know that your intentions are to worship and glorify Him.

Subhanallah – Glory be to God.

Learning about Salah will never end, there will always be something you more you can learn or improve upon. This is just an introduction of some of the basics to help you to fulfil your obligation of Salah.

Time

Each Salah must be offered at its proper time. No Salah can be said before its time. There are five obligatory prayers in a day.

Fajr – the morning prayer.

Zuhr – the early afternoon prayer.

‘Asr – the late afternoon prayer.

Maghrib – the sun-set prayer.

‘Isha – the night prayer

Dress

Before starting Salah make sure that you are properly dressed. The dress for Salah must be clean and free from all filth.
For men and boys, clothing should cover their bodies from the navel to the knees at least.

Women are required to cover themselves from head to foot, leaving only the face and hands uncovered.
**During the monthly period women are free from obligation of Salah and do not have to make up any missed prayers.

Place

Anywhere. The prophet (s.a.w.) has said: “The (whole of the) earth has been rendered for me a mosque: pure and clean”.

Preferably Salah is to be offered in congregation. One should pray facing the Ka’bah, towards Makkah.

Fard OR Nafilah

Salah is composed of the Fard (obligatory) and the Nafilah (superogatory) prayers.

The Fard Salah are five in a day. The Nafilah includes the Sunnah, which the Prophet (s.a.w.) used to perform regularly before or after each Fard Salah. Failure to perform any one of the fard salah is a sin.

Adhan – The call to Prayer

When it is the time to pray the “Adhan” or the call to prayer is given. It is a way to tell all Muslims that the Time to offer your salah has come. The caller stands facing Ka’bah and raises his hands to his ears calling in a loud voice:

Allahu Akbar – Allah is the greatest(2x)

Ash hadu ann la ilaha illallahu – I bear witness there is no god worthy of worship except Allah(2x)

Ashhadu anna Muhammad abduhu rasoolu – Mohammed is his messenger (2x)

Hayya’alas salah – Come to prayer (2x)

Hayya’alak falah – Come to your good (2x)

La ilaha illallah – There is no god but Allah (2x)

During the Fajr prayer this is added:
Hayya’ala Falah assalatu Khayrum minan naum – Salah is better than sleep(2x)

The way Muslims give their Salah is unique to Islam. In the state of Salah humanity is brought closer to their creator, their Lord, Salah
brings a state of peace and calm by combining the physical with the mental.
Physical being the movements performed and the mental in which you are connected to Allah.
You are submitting yourself, physically and mentally, completely to the will of your Creator
When you are sure that you have fulfilled all the necessary conditions for Salah, you ready to offer it.

A detailed account of how to say Salah is given below.

Say to yourself with full sincerity which Salah you wish to offer. Include in the intention, how many rakat’ and which prayer you are offering
and whether it is Fard (obligaroty) or Sunnah (recommended).
The following will outline step by step the correct movements and words of the Salah.

I realize there is much debate whether the Salah should differ between men and women.
There are many hadiths that prove and disprove this. I am not going to debate about it – the prayer pages have listed ways to perform Salah for both men and women. It is up to you to decide which you will follow.

Firstly make the sincere intention of which prayer you wish to perform (i.e Isha prayer) and how many Rakat’s (units) you will be saying (4 Rakat)

This must be all said silently, it is not permissible to say it out loud.

TAKBEER:

Men: raise your hands to the level of your ears and fix your eyes to the ground where you will be performing the
sajdah (prostration) and say:
Women: raise your hands to the level of your shoulders and fix your eyes to the ground where you will be performing the sajdah (prostration) and say:

Allahu Akbar – Allah is greatest

Men: Place your right hand on the left, just below the navel
Women: Place their hands right over left on their chest

Recite the following :

Subhana kallah humma wa bi hamdika wata baraka s muka wa ta’ala jaduka wa la ilaha ghayruka
You are Glorified, Oh Allah, and Praised, Your Name is Blessed, Your Majesty is Exalted, and none has the right to be worshipped but You

A‘uzu bil-lahi minah shaytanir rajeem– I seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan the cursed one

Then recite the FATIHA – The first chapter of the Quran

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
Al-hamdu lillaahi Rabbil alameen
Ar-Rahmaanir Raheem
Maaliki yaw middeen
Iyyaaka na’budu
wa iyyaka nasta‘een
Ih-dina siraatal mustaqeem
Siraatal-lathina an’amta ‘alayhim
ghayr-il maghdoobi ‘alayhim
wa lad-daaleen

End with AMEEN

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds.
the Beneficent, the Merciful
Master of the Day of Judgement
Thee alone we worship
and to Thee alone we turn for help.
Guide us in the straight path
the path of those whom You favoured
and who did not deserve Thy anger
or went astray

Now recite the following or any other passage short passage from the Holy Qur`an:

Al-Ikhlas (The Purity) 112: 1-4

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Qul huw-allahu ahad
Allahu-s-Samad
Lam yalid, wa lam yulad
wa lam yakun lahu kufuwan ahad

In the Name of Allah,
the Beneficent, the Merciful
Say: Allah is one and the only God
Allah, upon whom all depend
He begots not, nor is He begotten
and there is nothing which can be compared to Him.

Raise your hands to your ears (shoulder) as in the first TAKBEER

Say:

Allahu Akbar – Allah is greatest

Ruku – Bowing before Allah

Now bow down

Men: Place your hands on your knees and bend forward deeply.
Women: Place your hands on your knees but do not bend entirely forward as men do,

Say these words three times:
Subhana Rabbi al-‘Azeem – Glory to my Lord the great

Then while straightening up say:
Sami Allahu liman hamidah – Allah has heard all who praise Him

Once fully standing say:
Rabbanaa lakal hamd – Our Lord praise be to thee

Raise your hands to your ears (shoulder) as in the first TAKBEER

Say:

Allahu Akbar – Allah is greatest

Sajdah – Prostration

Saying “Allahu Akbar” prostrate on the ground by lowering yourself to the ground using first the knees, then the hands following with the nose and finally the forehead touching the ground. Your toes must be turned inward facing the Qiblah (direction in which you are praying) Forearms should be raised from the ground and not touch the sides of your body, they must not touch the ground.

The stomach should not touch the knees.Your nose & forehead must always be touching the ground.

** Women adopt a more ‘closed’ in stance – not keeping the arms so far out from the body, as well the stomach may touch the knees**

In the Sajdah (Prostration) position you must recite the following at least three times :
(if you wish to do more than the 3 minimum, it must be in odd numbers, 3,5,7,9, etc.)

Subhanna Rabbi al-A‘laa – Glory to my Lord the Most High

Sit upright with knees still on the ground

Men : The left foot should be bent towards the right, which should be vertical to the mat with the toes touching the mat. The palms should be lifted from the mat and placed on the knees.
Women : Sit on the left hip with both feet out facing to the right. Place the right thigh on the left thigh and the right shin on the left one.

After a moments rest say the following:

Allah humma ghfirles wa raham nee – Oh Allah, forgive me and have mercy on me

perform the second Sajdah saying:

Allahu Akbar – Allah is greatest

In the second Sajdah as before recite 3 times:

Subhanna Rabbi al-A‘laa – Glory to my Lord the Most High

Rise from the Sajdah and begin your second Rakat (start from the beginning of this page)
After completing the second Sajdah you are in the sitting position, stay seated and silently say the:

TASHAHHUD – Bearing witness to the Oneness of Allah

At-tahiyaatu lillaahi
wa-s-salawaatu wa tayyibaatu
As-salaamu ‘alayka
ayyuha-n-nabiyyu
wa rahmatu-llaahi
wa barakaatuh
As-salaamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala
ibadillaahi-s-saaliheen

All prayers and worship through words,
action and sanctity are for Allah only.
Peace be on you, O Prophet
and Mercy of Allah and His blessings.
Peace be on us and on those
who are righteous servants of Allah.

Then recite the ‘shahada’ while moving your index finger up and down at the ‘Ash-hadu’… stop the movement at the ‘…illallahu’

Ash hadu ann la ilaha illallahu, wa ashhadu anna Muhammed abduhu wa rasoolu
I bear witness to the fact that there is no deity but Allah. I bear witness that Muhammed is His servent & messenger.

In the 3 raka`at (i.e. Maghrib) or four raka`at (like Zuhr, `Asr and `Isha) Salah
you stand up and start at the beginning once more after saying the Tashahhud.
If this was only a two raka`at (Fajr) Salah, you keep sitting and after this recite the:

Darud – Sending blessings for the Prophet

saying these words:

Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aali Muhammadin
kamaa sallayta ‘ala Ibraheema wa ‘ala aali Ibraheem.
Innaka hameedun majeed.
Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aali
Muhammadin kamaa baarakta ‘ala Ibraheem wa
‘ala aali Ibraheem. Innaka hameedun majeed

O Allah, exalt Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad
As though did exalt Ibrahim and his followers.
Thou art praised, the Glorious
O Allah, bless Muhammad and his followers
as Thou has blest Ibrahim and his followers
Thou art the Praised, the Glorious

After the Darud you should recite a dua(prayer) some good examplea are :

Astaghfirullah – I seek Allah’s forgiveness (repeat 3 times)

Rabbana aatina fid dunya hasanah wa fil akherate hasanah, wa qina azaban naar
Our Lord, grant us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter and save us from the torture of hell.
Now turn your face first to the right saying :

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah – Peace be on you and Allah’s blessings

Then turn your face to the left saying:
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah – Peace be on you and Allah’s blessings
This completes your two raka’at Salah.

When performing a three raka’at or four raka’at Salah stand up after Tashahhud saying “Allahu Akbar” and recite Al-Fatiha. When offering Fard Salah do not recite any additional passages from the Holy Qur’an after Al-Fatiha in the last two raka’at. After the second Sajdah in the fourth raka’at say the Tashahhud, Darud and end with “As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah” to each side

This marks the end of Salah – Inshallah our Salah is accepted by Allah(s.w.t)

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