Shahada – Testimony of Faith

Posted on January 28, 2009. Filed under: Uncategorized | Tags: , |

Assalam alaikum & Peace to all

I thought I would post a bit more about the Shahada… I am always fascinated by it, the simplicity of it yet it carries such a great meaning!
* As an edit I have included an ‘eight and nineth’  condition for the Shahada – I have researched and found that some scholars combine them to form the ‘seven’ conditions, while others have expanded and list eight or nine.

** We listed them here as “nine” in order to give more attention and detail to each and every aspect. However, the scholars who have listed them as seven or eight have not left anything out. They have merely combined several for easier comprehension and memorization.
http://www.islamtomorrow.com/9points.htm

The first of the Five Pillars of Islam is the shahada. Shahada is the Muslim profession of faith, expressing the two simple, fundamental beliefs that make one a Muslim:


La ilaha illa Allah wa-Muhammad rasul Allah.
(There is no god but God and Muhammad is the prophet of God.)

Sincere recitation of this confession of faith before of two Muslims is the sole requirement for those who wish to join the Muslim community. It represents acceptance not only of Allah and his prophet, but of the entirety of Islam. As one of the Pillars, the shahada must be recited correctly aloud with full understanding and internal assent at least once in every Muslim’s lifetime.

The shahada is also recited in the muzzein’s call to prayer, included in the salat (daily ritual prayer) and incorporated in Sufi contemplative prayer. It is also recited in the moments before death.

There are seven critical conditions of the Shahadah, without which it is considered to be meaningless:

– Al-`Ilm
: Knowledge of the meaning of the Shahadah, its negation and affirmation.
– Al-Yaqeen: Certainty – perfect knowledge of it that counteracts suspicion and doubt.
– Al-Ikhlaas: Sincerity which negates shirk.
– Al-Sidq: Truthfulness that permits neither falsehood nor hypocrisy.
– Al-Mahabbah: Love of the Shahadah and its meaning, and being happy with it.
– Al-Inqiad: Submission to its rightful requirements, which are the duties that must be performed   with sincerity to God (alone) seeking His pleasure.
– Al-Qubool: Acceptance that contradicts rejection.

The testimony (La ilaha illa Allah) comprises of two concepts:

Denial :
The testimony of faith denies the attribute of divinity to anyone and anything other than Allah `The Exalted. All others, besides Allah, such as the angels, the prophets, and the rest of mankind, let alone the idols, and the political regimes in the world, are not gods nor do they deserve to be worshipped. Thus denial in this respect is not a denial of the existence of the alleged gods, rather than denial of the divinity which is attributed to them.
Affirmation:

The testimony of faith affirms and restricts divinity to Allah alone. That is, the slave must believe that Allah is the only true God, and accordingly dedicate no act of worship to any, other than Allah.

Conditions of “La ilaha illa Allah”

1. Knowledge, which consists of recognizing Allah as the only true God to Whom worship must be dedicated, and denouncing all the other gods worshipped besides Allah as false, and that they can neither extend benefit nor cause harm.

2.Certainty, that the belief in Allah must be unblemished and without any doubt.

3.Acceptance: that is to accept all its conditions, meaning etc.

4.Submission: that is to fulfill its conditions submissively and willingly being content with Allah as the Rubb (only Lord) and Muhammad (saas), as His slave and last Prophet and Messenger.

5.Truthfulness: that is to fulfill its requirements truthfully.

6.Sincerity: that is to be sincere in worshipping Allah, dedicating all acts of worship to Him alone.7.The love of Allah, and the love of His Messenger Muhammad (saas), and the love of Allah´s devotees and the people of His obedience, which means love of all Muslims.

http://www.muslimpractice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=39&Itemid=61

** See edit note above

The nine conditions of the shahadah are known as:

1 Knowledge 2 Certainty 3 Acceptance 4 Submission 5 Truth 6 Sincerity 7 Love 8 Denial 9 Adherence

http://www.islamtomorrow.com/9points.htm

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Shahada & Kalimah

Posted on January 26, 2009. Filed under: Uncategorized | Tags: , , |

Assalam alaikum & peace to all

Thought I would post the 4 different Kalimah’s (Phrases/words).  This should not be confused with the Shahada, which is the ‘testimony of faith’.  Read the following.

The Kalimah & the Shahādah

The Kalimah is commonly confused with the shahādah, which is a declaration of belief in the Kalimah.
The Kalimah is essentially a statement, and the Shahadah is a testimony confirming the Kalimah and its meaning.

Compare the 2 phrases below:

The Kalimah – There is no god but God, Muhammad is GodMessenger
lā ‘ilāha ‘illallāh muhammadur-rasūlullāh

The Shahadah – I testify that there is no god but God, and I testify that Muhammad is God’s Messenger
ašhadu ʾal lā ilāha illa l-Lāh, wa ʾašhadu ʾanna muḥammadar rasūlu l-Lāh

The Shahada, also spelled shahadah, (Arabic: الشهادة aš-šahāda ar_shahada.ogg audio (help·info) from the verb šahida “to testify”) is the Islamic creed. The Shahada is the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God and acceptance of Muhammad as his prophet. The declaration reads: Lā ilaha illa al-Lāh, Muhammadun rasūlu l-Lāh “There is no god but God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God” in English. This declaration is called the Kalima, which literally means “words.” Recitation of the Shahadah is the most important of the Five Pillars of Islam for Muslims and is performed daily. Non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam do so by a public recitation of the creed.[1]

The 5 different Kalimah

The First Kalimah: Kalimah At-Tayyiba:
The Declaration of Faith in Islāmic Monotheism

Lā ilāha Illallāh Muhammad u’r Rasūlullāh

None is worthy of worship except Allāh Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh

The Second Kalimah: Kalimah Ash-Shahāda:
The Muslim Testimony of Faith in Islāmic Monotheism

Ash-hadu an lā ilāha Illallāh
Wahdahū lā sharīka lahū wa ash-hadu anna Muhammad-an Abduhū wa Rasūluhū

I bear witness that none is worthy of worship except Allāh
He is One. He has no partner.
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Devotee and His Messenger.

The Third Kalimah: Kalimah At-Tamjīd:
The Declaration of the Glory of Allāh

SubhānAllāh wa’l Hamdu Lillāh
wa lā ilāha Illallāh Wallāhu Akbar wa lā hawla wa lā quwwata illā Billāhi’l Aliyy i’l Azīm

Glory be to Allāh and all Praise is for Allāh and none is worthy of worship except Allāh
and Allāh is Most Great and there is no power and no strength except from Allāh,
the Most High, the Most Great.

The Fourth Kalimah: Kalimah At-Tawhīd:
The Declaration of the Oneness of Allāh

Lā ilāha Illallāh Wahdahū lā sharīka lahū Lahu’l Mulku wa Lahu’l Hamdu
Yuhyī wa Yumītu Biyadihi’l khayru wa Huwa alā kulli shay-in Qadīr

None is worthy of worship except Allāh He is One. He has no partner.
His is the Kingdom and His is the Praise He gives life and causes death.
In His hand is all that is good and He is Powerful over all things.

The Fifth Kalimah: Kalimah Radd i’l-Kufr
The Declaration of the Refutation of disbelief and polytheism

Allāhumma innī aūdhu bika min an ushrika bika shay-an wa ana alamu bihī
wa astaghfiruka limā lā alamu bihī tubtu anhu wa tabarra’tu minal kufri wa’sh shirki wa’l maāsī kullihā
wa aslamtu wa āmantu wa aqūlu Lā ilāha Illallāh Muhammad u’r Rasūlullāh

O Allāh! Indeed I seek refuge with You to be saved from all kinds of polytheism which I know about
and I beg Your forgiveness for that which I do not know about. I repent from that and I free myself
from disbelief and idolatry and all wrong doings and I have accepted Islām, and proclaiming my belief, I declare:
None is worthy of worship except Allāh Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh

http://www.iqra.net/articles/declare.php



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